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Chang Cheh Filmographies:


Known Chang Cheh Filmography

There are more than just a few people who, when they first encountered Chang Cheh's late 1970's films, scratched their heads and said to themselves, "Hey, if Bruce Lee is supposed to be the King of Kung Fu, why is it that this guy Chang Cheh's movies have more interesting fighting -- and more of it! -- and are made so much better?" Well, twenty years later, the answer is that some folks have it and some folks don't. Bruce Lee made four movies, while Chang Cheh made about one hundred.

For those who prefer esoteric weapons-fighting to hand-to-hand combat, Chang Cheh (and his frequent choreographer Liu Chia-liang [aka Lau Kar Leung]) and his "Venoms" team delivered terrific fights scene and after scene in each and every movie they appeared in. And to this day, no other director provides as much copious exotic weapons fighting in his (or their) films.

NOTE: I can't imagine that all of the following is accurate nor complete. For example, some films with the same title and with almost but not quite the same cast are listed as having two different dates, because of information from two or more separate sources (they can't both/all be correct). If you have data that is not here or is more accurate or more elucidative, please contact me at the net address at the bottom of this page. Thank you.
             KNOWN CHANG CHEH FILMOGRAPHY, Vers. 11 (9/16/10):
 
     I *like* many movies, but the filmmakers who truly influenced me are
Jean-Pierre Melville, Martin Scorcese, Sam Peckinpah, and Akira Kurosawa.  I
could say I was influenced by the great Hong Kong action director Chang Cheh,
but a lot of influence was the effect of working for him as an assistant for
two years on films like THE BLOOD BROTHERS.  Chang's influence was not from
his way of showing violence but from his uninhibited way of handling emotions
and conflicts of honor.  He made me want to be more expressive, to put more
of myself into each film.
            -- John Woo (VILLAGE VOICE, 5/25/93; Voice Film Special, page 18)

     When I shoot gunfight films, I use the same feelings as in the martial 
arts film, only I use double guns in place of the sword.  For example, the 
layout of my scenes, character design and those action designs are all very 
close to Chang Cheh's martial arts film style.  The heroes in my films shoot 
many times, continuously, and people get hit, continuously.  Now, that feeling 
has the Chang Cheh martial arts films' shadow.  When I deal with my hero, his 
stance as he holds the gun -- and his views of the gun -- is the same as the 
heroes in the martial arts film, but he holds a sword.  Now, how he uses his 
sword and the way he sees his sword, the feeling is exactly the same.
     -- John Woo (from the film THE ART OF ACTION: MARTIAL ARTS IN THE MOVIES)
 
Peter Smith for Eastern Heroes: What other film directors have influenced you?  
Yuen Woo-Ping: I was most influenced by Chang Cheh, because I worked with him 
as a stuntman.  But the rest I have created for myself, because one's work 
should have its own character, not influenced by other people.
     -- "Yuen Woo-ping -- a Tiger Uncaged," in ESSENTIAL GUIDE TO THE BEST OF 
        EASTERN HEROES, p. 65; orig. in EASTERN HEROES, Vol. 2, No. 1, p. 31)
 
     Someone once asked veteran director Chang Cheh why his FIVE DEADLY VENOMS
team were all so ugly.  "Yes, they are ugly," replied Chang Cheh coolly, "But
just look at their kung fu skills when they perform.  That's where their true
beauty lies."  It is generally true that in the old days you could have a face
like the back end of a bus (let's face it, Lau Kar Leung [Liu Chia Liang] was
no beauty and Chiang "Cutie Pie" Sheng really needed to see a dentist) but if
your kung fu skills were buffed you could still play the part of a hero.
   -- Tim Greenwood ("Blast from Buddha's Palm," in ESSENTIAL GUIDE TO THE BEST
      OF EASTERN HEROES, p. 119; orig. in EASTERN HEROES, Vol. 2, No. 4, p. 25)

     Many years ago when I was making martial arts films in Shaws, Run Run Shaw 
once remarked, 'How come the fighting looks so much like dancing?'  Not so long 
ago, [the renowned film critic] Sek Kei [aka Shi Qi] made a similar observation 
in his column, remarking that Chinese martial arts is quite akin to dance 
choreography.  In fact, it is.  Northern style kung fu has long been affiliated 
with stage performance.  The wu (martial) repertoire in traditional kunqu, 
Peking Opera and Sichuan opera, in many ways, resembles narrative dance in 
ballet or modern dance.
     -- Chang Cheh, in Chang Cheh: A Memoir, pp. 126-127
 
+          +          +          +          +          +          +          +
 
     Chang Cheh employed three key "fighting teams" between 1970 and 1981.  The
first was David Chiang and Ti Lung.  The second was Chi Kuan Chun and Fu Sheng.
The third and best was Sun Chien, Kuo Chui, Lu Feng, Lo Meng, and Chiang Sheng.
Films by this last team, nicknamed "The (Five) Venoms," are indicated with a *.
Between 1982 & 1993, there was a fourth team which included Tung Chi Wah, Tu Yu
Ming, Hsu Shao Jien, and Chow Lung, called "The Baby Venoms" in EASTERN HEROES.
 
.      .     .     .     .      VENOM ROLL CALL      .     .     .     .     .
 
Sun Chien -- the best kicker; sometimes he's a hero, and sometimes he's not one
Kuo Chui -- usually the main hero; he often pretends to be a beggar or criminal
Lu Feng -- usually plays the insidious traitor who lures the other four to doom
Lo Meng -- a thick-headed but often kind muscleman; he tends not to use weapons
Chiang Sheng -- a comedic, nimble stylist; nicknamed "Cutie-Pie" by his HK fans
 
.     .      .     .     .     .   THE FILMS   .     .     .     .     .     .
 
  (NOTE: entries preceded by an "o" denote alternate film titles
         entries followed by an "*" denote the 13 core "Five Venoms" films
         entries followed by an "~" denote the 6 "Baby Venoms" films)
 
ACROSS THE RIVER~ (1987) [Prod & Dir]-- Tung Chi Wah, Ka Wing Chuen, To Yuk 
     Ming [aka Tu Yu Ming] (aka CROSS THE RIVER, aka DRAGON ACROSS THE RIVER, 
     aka THE DRAGON THROUGH THE RIVER, aka FIGHTING DRAGON)
     [Wu Da Gong Fu Pian Guo Jiang Long]
o ADVENTURE IN THE WESTERN KINGDOM: see JOURNEY TO THE WEST (1992)
o A HIDDEN HERO: see HIDDEN HERO (1993)
ANGRY GUEST (1972)-- David Chiang, Ti Lung, Yasuaki Kurata, Ku Feng, Chen Sing,
     Liu Yam Ying, Liu Chi-yung, Chang Cheh, Bolo Yeung [aka Yang Sze]
     (aka KUNG FU KILLERS) (sequel to DUEL OF FISTS)
o ALL MEN ARE BROTHERS: see THE WATER MARGIN (1972)
o ALL MEN ARE BROTHERS II: see SEVEN SOLDIERS OF KUNG FU (1973)
     (sequel to THE WATER MARGIN)
ANONYMOUS HEROES (1971)--Ti Lung, David Chiang, Ching Li, Wang Chung, Chen Sing
THE ASSASSIN (1967) -- Wang Yu, Chiu Hau, Lee Heung-Kwan, Chiao Chiao
o ASSAULT OF THE JOYFUL GODDESS: see ATTACK OF THE GOD OF JOY (1983)
o ASSAULT OF THE JOYFUL GODDESS: see ATTACK OF THE GOD OF JOY (1983)
ATTACK OF THE GOD OF JOY (1983)-- Chen Tien-su [aka Chien Tien-chi], Hsu 
     Chung-fei, Lu Feng, Chiang Sheng (aka ASSAULT OF THE JOYFUL GODDESS, aka 
     ATTACK OF THE JOYFUL GODDESS, aka THE GHOST, aka ATTACK OF THE VENOMS)
o ATTACK OF THE JOYFUL GODDESS: see ATTACK OF THE GOD OF JOY (1983)
o ATTACK OF THE VENOMS: American DVD title for ATTACK OF THE GOD OF JOY (1983)

o AVENGING HANDICAPPED: see CRIPPLED AVENGERS (1978)
o AVENGING WARRIORS OF SHAOLIN: see SHAOLIN RESCUERS (1979)
o BLAST OF THE IRON PALM: American title for BRAVE ARCHER, PART III (1981)
(THE) BLOOD BROTHERS (1973)-- David Chiang, Ti Lung, Chen Kuan Tai, Li Hsui
     Hsien, Fan Mei Sheng (US: DYNASTY OF BLOOD; aka CHINESE VENGEANCE)
o BLOODY AVENGERS: see BOXER REBELLION (1976)
THE BLOODY ESCAPE (1975) [Dir w/ Sun Chung] [listed in Internet Movie Database]
o BLOODY FISTS: American title for KUNG FU INVADERS (1973)
o THE BODYGUARD: see HAVE SWORD, WILL TRAVEL (1969)
BOXER FROM SHANGTUNG (1972) [Dir w/ Pao Hsueh-li]-- Ching Li, David Chiang,
     Wang Chung, Ku Feng; Debut: Chen Kuan-tai (US: KILLER FROM SHANGTUNG)
BOXER REBELLION (1/29/76)-- Fu Sheng, Li Li-hua, Chi Kuan-chun, Tang Yen-tsan, 
     Liu Chia Hui [aka Lau Kar Fai, aka Gordon Liu]  Kuo Chui as a spiritual 
     acrobat (aka SPIRITUAL FISTS aka BLOODY AVENGERS)
BRAVE ARCHER (7/30/77)-- Fu Sheng, Ku Kuan-chun, Danny Lee, Dick Wei, Ti Lung, 
     Ku Feng, Kuo Chui, Lo Meng (billed under his real name Luo Kuen Lin), Lu 
     Feng, Chiang Sheng  First appearance of Kara Hui Ying-Hung (US: KUNG FU 
     WARLORDS, worldwide: SHAOLIN ARCHERS)
BRAVE ARCHER AND HIS MATE (2/25/82)-- Kuo Chui, Fu Sheng, Chiang Sheng, Lu Feng,
     Andy Lau [Lau is only according to the IMDb]  Wen Hsueh-Erh's fourth 
     contract film for Chang Cheh.  Lensed in 1980 or 1981.  Lung Tien-Sheng 
     appears as Yang Kang, originally portrayed by Li Yi-Min (Pts. 1 & 2) and Yu 
     Tai-Ping (Pt. 3).  Fu Sheng's final film for Chang Cheh before his untimely 
     death.  (Wordwide: MYSTERIOUS ISLAND; aka BRAVE ARCHER, PART IV) 
o BRAVE ARCHER, PART II: see THE BRAVE ARCHER, THE SEQUEL (1978)
BRAVE ARCHER, PART 3* (11/12/81)-- Fu Sheng, Lo Meng, Ti Lung, Kuo Chui, Chiang
     Sheng, Sun Chien, Lu Feng, Li Li-li, Chu Ko.  Last Ti Lung film for Chang 
     Cheh whilst at Shaw Studios.  Begun in 1980, shelved, then completed in 
     1981 with the participation of newcomers Cheng Tien-Chi and Chu Ko.  
     (US: BLAST OF THE IRON PALM; aka KUNG FU WARLORDS, PART III)
o BRAVE ARCHER, PART IV: see BRAVE ARCHER AND HIS MATE (1981)
THE BRAVE ARCHER, THE SEQUEL* (5/13/78)-- Fu Sheng, Chang Cheh, Wang Lung Wei, 
     Ku Feng, Kuo Chui, Ti Lung, Sun Chien, Lu Feng, Lo Meng, Chiang Sheng.  
     First appearance of Wei Pai, as a swordsman during a flashback sequence.  
     (US: KUNG FU WARLORDS, PART II, worldwide: SHAOLIN ARCHERS PART 2; 
     aka BRAVE ARCHER, PART II)
THE BUTTERFLY CHALICE (1964) [co-directed with Yuan Qiefeng, aka Yuen Chau-Fung]
o CHILD IN RED: see THE FANTASTIC MAGIC BABY (1975)
THE CHINATOWN KID* (12/2/77)-- Fu Sheng, Kuo Chui, Chiang Sheng, Lu Feng,
     Lo Meng  Debut: Sun Chien [therefore, the first Venoms film, in a way]  
     Wang Li appears uncredited as Tsai Hung's bodyguard/assassin in scenes 
     found in the export (US) version, but not in Chinese versions
o THE CHINESE CONNECTION [not the Bruce Lee film]: see DUEL OF FISTS (1971)
o THE CHINESE SUPER NINJAS: worldwide title for FIVE ELEMENT NINJA (1982)
o CHINESE VENGEANCE: see DYNASTY OF BLOOD (1973)
CRIPPLED AVENGERS* (12/21/78)-- Chen Kuan-tai, Wang Lung-wei, Lo Meng, Lu Feng,
     Kuo Chui, Sun Chien, Chiang Sheng, Dick Wei [aka Tu Lung]  First Venoms 
     film without Wei Pai.  Last Chen Kuan-Tai film for Chang Cheh whilst at 
     Shaw Studios.  (US: MORTAL COMBAT; aka CRIPPLED HEROES, aka AVENGING 
     HANDICAPPED, aka RETURN OF THE FIVE DEADLY VENOMS)
o CRIPPLED HEROES: see CRIPPLED AVENGERS (1978)
o CROSS THE RIVER: see ACROSS THE RIVER (1987)
o DANCE HALL KING: THE WARRIOR (1985)
o DANCING KING: see THE WARRIOR (1985)
o THE DANCING WARRIOR: see THE WARRIOR (1985)
THE DAREDEVILS* (6/29/79)-- Lo Meng, Chiang Sheng, Lu Feng, Kuo Chui, Sun Chien,
     Wang Li.  Wang Li replaces Wang Lung-Wei as the villain for the remainder 
     of the series.  (US: DAREDEVILS OF KUNG FU; aka SHAOLIN DAREDEVILS, aka 
     VENOM WARRIORS)  
o DAREDEVILS OF KUNG FU: American title for THE DAREDEVILS (1979)
DEAD END (1969)-- Ti Lung (debut), David Chiang, Li Ching, Angela Yu Chien
DEADLY DUO (1971)-- Ti Lung, David Chiang
o DEATH CHAMBER: see SHAOLIN TEMPLE (1976)
DEATH RING (1984) [Dir w/ Lu Feng]-- Chen Kuan Tai, Chen Sing, Li Chang Yat,
     Lu Feng, Wang Shui Sam, Ti Lung
DELIGHTFUL FOREST (1972) [Dir w/ Pao Hsueh-li]-- Ti Lung, Chu Mu, Yu Feng
o THE DELINQUENT: see STREETGANGS OF HONG KONG (1973)
o DEMON FISTS OF KUNG FU: American title for NEW SHAOLIN BOXERS (1976)
o THE DEMONS: see THE NINE DEMONS (1983)
o THE DESTROYERS: American title for MAGNIFICENT RUFFIANS (1979)
o DESTROYERS OF THE FIVE DEADLY VENOMS: see MAGNIFICENT RUFFIANS (1979)
o DISCIPLES OF DEATH: American title for MEN FROM THE MONASTERY (1974)
o DISCIPLES OF SHAOLIN: see THE INVINCIBLE ONE (1975)
DRACULA AND THE 7 GOLDEN VAMPIRES [HK] (1974) [directed by Roy Ward Baker;
     martial arts sequences directed by Chang Cheh (uncredited)]-- Peter Cushing, 
     David Chiang, Robin Stewart, Julie Ege, Shih Szu (UK: THE LEGEND OF THE 
     SEVEN GOLDEN VAMPIRES; edited US version: SEVEN BROTHERS MEET DRACULA)
o DRAGON ACROSS THE RIVER: see ACROSS THE RIVER (1987)
o DRAGON'S TEETH: see MEN FROM THE MONASTERY (1974)
o THE DRAGON THROUGH THE RIVER: see ACROSS THE RIVER (1987)
o THE DUEL: see DUEL OF THE IRON FIST (1969)
DUEL OF FISTS (1971)-- David Chiang, Ti Lung, Ching Li, Ku Feng, Lui Chia-yung
     (aka THE CHINESE CONNECTION [not to be confused with the Bruce Lee film])
DUEL OF THE IRON FIST (1971)-- Ti Lung, David Chiang, Ku Feng, Cheng Kang Yeh
     (Hsiao Hu) (aka THE DUEL)
o DYNASTY OF BLOOD: American title for THE BLOOD BROTHERS (1973)
EIGHT MAN ARMY (1976) [Made in Taiwan]-- Ti Lung, Fu Sheng
THE ESCAPE (1973) [according to EASTERN HEROES SPECIAL EDITION #2, p. 22 and 
     INFLUENCE MAGAZINE #13, p. 37]
THE FANTASTIC MAGIC BABY (8/15/75) (aka CHILD IN RED)-- Kuo Chui plays the gray
     stone fighting statue [a Monkey King film; only 1 hour long]
o FIGHTING DRAGON: see ACROSS THE RIVER (1987)
o THE FIVE DEADLY VENOMS: American title for THE FIVE VENOMS (1978)
FIVE ELEMENT NINJA (4/21/82)-- Lo Meng, Chen Pei Hsi, Chen Hui-min, Lung Tien
     Sheng, Wang Li, Chu Ko, Yu Tai-ping.  Intro: Cheng Tien-chi [aka Chien 
     Tien-chi] (in the starring role).  Last Lo Mang appearance in a Chang Cheh 
     film.  (US: SUPER NINJAS; worldwide: THE CHINESE SUPERNINJAS)  
o FIVE EXPONENTS OF SHAOLIN BOXING: see FIVE SHAOLIN MASTERS (1975)
o FIVE MASTERS OF DEATH: American title for FIVE SHAOLIN MASTERS (1975)
FIVE SHAOLIN MASTERS (1975)-- David Chiang, Ti Lung, Meng Fei, Chi Kuan-chun,
     Fu Sheng, Wang Lung-Wei, Liu Chia Hui [aka Lau Kar Fai, aka Gordon Liu],
     Leung Kar Yan (US: FIVE MASTERS OF DEATH; aka FIVE EXPONENTS OF SHAOLIN
     BOXING) (sequel to DEATH CHAMBER)
THE FIVE VENOMS* (8/12/78)-- Sun Chien, Kuo Chui, Chiang Sheng, Ku Feng, Lo 
     Meng, Wei Pai, Wang Lung-wei, Tu Lung [aka Dick Wei], Lu Feng.  The second 
     Venoms film (after INVINCIBLE SHAOLIN) lensed without Ti Lung or Fu Sheng.  
     (US: THE FIVE DEADLY VENOMS, worldwide: SHAOLIN DEADLY POISONS)
THE FLAG OF IRON (8/14/80)-- Kuo Chiu, Chiang Sheng, Lung Tien Sheng, Lu Feng, 
     Wang Li.  Debut Tien Sheng.  (US: THE SPEARMAN OF DEATH) 
THE FLYING DAGGER (1968)-- Cheng Pei-pei, Lo Lieh
o THE FOUR ASSASSINS: see MARCO POLO (1975)
THE FOUR RIDERS (1972)-- David Chiang, Wang Chung, Ti Lung, Li Li-li, Chen
     Kuan-ti, Liu Chia-yung, Yasuaki Kurata, Chu Mu, Yu Fang, Chiang Ling, 
     Tien Ching (aka STRIKE 4 REVENGE, aka STRIKE 4 VENGEANCE, 
     aka HELLFIGHTERS FROM THE EAST)
FRIENDS (1973)-- David Chiang, Li Li-li, Fu Sheng
THE GENERATION GAP (1973)-- David Chiang, Ti Lung, Agnes Chan, Helen Ko, Lu Ti
o THE GHOST: see ATTACK OF THE GOD OF JOY (1983)
o THE GIRL WITH THE THUNDERBOLT KICK: see GOLDEN SWALLOW (1968)
GOLDEN SWALLOW (1968)-- Wang Yu, Cheng Pei Pei, Lo Lieh, Ku Feng, David Chiang
     (aka THE GIRL WITH THE THUNDERBOLT KICK, aka MISTRESS OF THE THUNDERBOLT)
o GO WEST TO SUBDUE DEMONS: see JOURNEY TO THE WEST (1993)
o GRANDMASTER OF DEATH: see NEW SHAOLIN BOXERS (1976)
o GRANDMASTER OF KUNG FU: see NEW SHAOLIN BOXERS (1976)
GREAT SHANGHAI 1937~ (1987) [Prod & Dir]-- Tung Chi Hwa, Tu Yu Ming, Hsu Shao Jien
     (aka SHANGHAI 1937, aka 1937 OF SHANGHAI) said to have top-of-the-line fights
o THE GUERRILLAS: worldwide title for REBEL INTRUDERS (1980)
o HAPPENINGS IN ALI SHAN: see WIND AND STORM OVER ALISHAN (1949)
HAVE SWORD, WILL TRAVEL (1969)-- Ti Lung, David Chiang, Li Ching, Ku Feng, Wang
     Chun, Cheng Lei (aka THE BODYGUARD)
HEAVEN AND HELL* (1/19/80)-- David Chiang, Maggie Li Lin-lin, Kuo Chui, Lo Meng, 
     Sun Chien, Tang Yen-tsan, Fu Sheng, Chiang Sheng, Lu Feng.  The first 
     appearance of Li Yi-Min.  Began in 1975 under the name THE HELL without any 
     venomous involvement, but would later be reworked to include them.  With 
     David Chiang, Maggie Li Lin-Lin, Shih Szu and Liu Chia-Yung unavailable, 
     the project is reworked in 1977 to incorporate cast of THE CHINATOWN KID in 
     flashbacks to their characters' mortal lives.  The Venoms complete the 
     third act, working around footage with Li Yi-Min.  Finally sees release in 
     January 1980.  (aka SHAOLIN HELLGATE)  cf THE HELL
THE HELL (1975) begun in 1975, later reworked in 1977, then released as HEAVEN 
     AND HELL 1/19/80.  cf HEAVEN AND HELL
o HELLFIGHTERS FROM THE EAST: see THE FOUR RIDERS (1972)
HEROES TWO (1973)-- Chen Kuan-tai, Fu Sheng, Tang Yen-tsan (Li Sze Chung), Chu
     Mu, Wang Ching, Liu Chia-liang (US: BLOODY FISTS) (aka KUNG FU INVADERS,
     aka TEMPLE OF THE DRAGON)
HEROIC ONES (1974)-- David Chiang, Ku Feng, Chen Sing, Wang Chung, Ti Lung,
     Chin Nan, Lo Wei, Pao Chia Wen, Li Li-li, Bolo Yeung [aka Yang Sze]
     (aka SHAOLIN MASTERS, aka THIRTEEN FIGHTERS)
o HEROIC THREE: see MAGNIFICENT TRIO (1966)
HIDDEN HERO~ (1993) [Prod & dir]-- Tu Yu Ming, Tung Chi Wah, Hsu Shao Jen, 
     Chow Lung (aka A HIDDEN HERO)
o A HIDDEN HERO: see HIDDEN HERO (1993)
HOUSE OF TRAPS (1/9/82)-- Lu Feng, Wang Li, Sun Chien, Kuo Chui, Hsiao Ho,
     Chiang Sheng, Lung Tien Sheng, Chu Ko
o THE HUNG BOXING KID: see THE INVINCIBLE ONE (1975)
o INCIDENT AT AH LI SHAN: see WIND AND STORM OVER ALISHAN (1949)
INVINCIBLE (IRON) FIST (1969)-- Chen Kuan Tai, Ti Lung, David Chiang
     (aka RUTHLESS IRON HAND)
o INVINCIBLE KUNG FU BROTHERS: see SHAOLIN AVENGERS (1976)
THE INVINCIBLE ONE (1975)-- Fu Sheng, Chi Kuan-chun, Feng Ko-an, Chen Ming Li,
     Chaing Tao (aka DISCIPLES OF SHAOLIN, aka THE HUNG BOXING KID)
INVINCIBLE SHAOLIN* (11/19/78)-- Wang Lung-wei, Chiang Sheng, Adam Cheng, Sun
     Chien, Lu Feng, Lo Meng, Kuo Chui, Hui Ying-hung, Tu Lung [aka Dick Wei],
     Wei Pai.  First Venoms film lensed without Ti Lung or Fu Sheng.  Last Kara 
     Hui Ying-Hung.  (US: UNBEATABLE DRAGON, worldwide: SHAOLIN BLOODSHED; 
     aka NORTH SHAOLIN VS. SOUTH SHAOLIN) 
IRON BODYGUARD (1973) [Dir w/ Pao Hsueh-li]-- Chen Kuan-tai, Li Li-li, Yo Hua
     (according to The Encyclopedia of Martial Arts Films; this is probably 
     just an alternate title for THE IRON MAN, from 1972)
THE IRON MAN (1972) [Dir w/ Pao Hsueh-li, aka Bao Xueli]-- Chen Kuan-tai, 
     Ching Li, Wang Chun, Chu Mu, Yang Sze (aka MAN OF IRON, aka WARRIOR OF 
     STEEL)
JOURNEY TO THE WEST~ (1992) (aka JOURNEY TO SUBDUE THE DEVILS, aka MONKEY 
     GOES WEST, aka GO WEST TO SUBDUE DEMONS, aka ADVENTURE IN THE WESTERN 
     KINGDOM) [Lao Dian Ying Jing Dian Zhen Cang - Xi Xing Ping Yao]
o JOURNEY TO SUBDUE THE DEVILS: see JOURNEY TO THE WEST (1992)
JUST HEROES (1987) [Producer Chang Cheh, Dir John Woo]-- Danny Lee, Stephen
     Chow, David Chiang, Chen Kuan-Tai, Ti Lung, Kelly Chu, Cally Kwong 
     Mei-Wan, Wu Ma, James Wong Jim, Joe Nieh, Chiu Lui (aka TRAGIC HEROES)
THE KID WITH THE GOLDEN ARM* (11/2/79)-- Sun Chien, Lo Meng, Lu Feng, Chiang
     Sheng, Kuo Chui, Pau Ping-chang, Wang Lung-wei, Wei Pai, Dick Wei.  Lensed 
     in 1978.  Final appearance of Wei Pai, who leaves to make LAST HURRAH FOR
     CHIVALRY for director Wu Yu-Sen (John Woo) at rival studio Golden Harvest.
o KILLER ARMY: American title for REBEL INTRUDERS (1980)
o KILLER FROM SHANGTUNG: American title for BOXER FROM SHANGTUNG (1971)
KING EAGLE (1970)-- Ti Lung, Ling Chi, Chang Pei-shan, Wang Chung, Wu Ma
o KUNG FU INVADERS: see HEROES TWO (1973)
o KUNG FU KILLERS: see THE ANGRY GUEST (1972)
KUNG FU VENGEANCE (1970)-- David Chiang, Wang Ping, Ti Lung, Ku Feng, Lo Lieh,
     Chen Kuan-tai, Cheng Kang Yeh, Wang Chun, Chen Sing (aka VENGEANCE)
o KUNG FU WARLORDS: American title for THE BRAVE ARCHER (1977)
o KUNG FU WARLORDS, PART II: Amer. title for THE BRAVE ARCHER, PART II (1978)
o KUNG FU WARLORDS, PART III: Amer. title for THE BRAVE ARCHER, PART III (1981)
o KUNG FU WARLORDS, PART IV: Amer. title for BRAVE ARCHER AND HIS MATE (1981)
LEGEND OF THE FOX (11/15/80)-- Kuo Chui, Lu Feng, Chiang Sheng, Chien Hsiao-hao.
     Linda Chu's second contract film for Chang Cheh.
o THE LEGEND OF THE SEVEN GOLDEN VAMPIRES: see DRACULA AND THE 7 GOLDEN VAMPIRES (1974) 
LIFE GAMBLE (4/26/78 in Taiwan, 2/22/79 in HK)-- Kuo Chui, Fu Sheng, Lo Meng, 
     Lu Feng, Wang Lung Wei, Hui Ying Hung, Chiang Sheng (billed as Chao 
     Kang-Sheng)  Intro: Lo Mang (under his stage name for the first time) 
     Lensed in 1977.  (aka LIFE COMBAT) 
o LIFE COMBAT: see LIFE GAMBLE (1978)
o THE LITTLE KILLER: see THE SINGING KILLER (1970)
o THE MAGIC KID: see NINJA IN ANCIENT CHINA (1993)
MAGNIFICENT KUNG FU WARRIORS (1977)-- David Chiang, Fu Sheng, Chi Kuan-chun,
     Li Yi-min, Li Ying, Lu Feng; Guest: Kuo Chui (aka MAGNIFICENT WANDERERS)
MAGNIFICENT RUFFIANS* (9/20/79)-- Lu Feng, Lo Meng, Wang Li, Chiang Sheng, Kuo 
     Chui, Sun Chien, Wang Lai, Liu An Li  (US: THE DESTROYERS; aka DESTROYERS 
     OF THE FIVE DEADLY VENOMS)
MAGNIFICENT TRIO (1966)-- Wang Yu, Lo Lieh (aka THREE HEROES OF BORDER CASTLE,
     aka HEROIC THREE)
o MAGNIFICENT KUNG FU WARRIORS: Amer. title for MAGNIFICENT WANDERERS (1977)
3 MAGNIFICENT WANDERERS (5/27/77) Guest-starring Kuo Chui and Lu Feng as 
     Mongolian wrestlers, with Chiang Sheng as a Mongol.  Lensed in 1976.  
     (U.S. Title: MAGNIFICENT KUNG-FU WARRIORS)  
o MAN OF IRON: see THE IRON MAN (1972)
MARCO POLO (12/12/75)-- Fu Sheng, Chi Kuan-chung, Liu Chia-hui, Wang Lung-wei,
     Liang Cha-jen, Shih Szu, Carter Wong.  Lu Feng and Chao Kang-Sheng (aka 
     Chiang Sheng) appear unbilled as Tartar barbarians, then as finale guest
     stars with Kuo Chui.  Intro: Kuo Chui (aka THE FOUR ASSASSINS)
MASKED AVENGERS (5/15/81)-- Chiang Sheng, Hsiao Ho, Kuo Chui, Wang Li, Lu Feng,
     Lhien Siu Hao, Chu Ko.  Chu Ko makes his insidious debut.
MEN FROM THE MONASTERY (1974)-- Chi Kuan-chun, Fu Sheng (Fong Sze Yu), Chen
     Kuan-tai, Tang Yen-tsan, Chiang Tao (US: DISCIPLES OF DEATH; aka
     DRAGON'S TEETH)
o MISTRESS OF THE THUNDERBOLT: see GOLDEN SWALLOW (1968)
o MONKEY GOES WEST (1992): see JOURNEY TO THE WEST [MONKEY GOES WEST is the 
     title given in EASTERN HEROES SPECIAL ED. #2, p. 22]
o MORTAL COMBAT: American title for CRIPPLED AVENGERS (1978)
o MYSTERIOUS ISLAND: worldwide title for BRAVE ARCHER AND HIS MATE (1982)
NA CHA THE GREAT (1974) [Made in Taiwan]-- Fu Sheng, Chaing Tao, Lu Ti,
     Feng Ko-an, Yuen Man-tzu, Ling Hsiao (*not* aka SHAOLIN HELLGATE)
THE NAVAL COMMANDOS [4/7/77] [Made in Taiwan]-- Fu Sheng, Chi Kuan-chun, Ti 
     Lung, David Chiang, Kuo Chui, Chiang Sheng, Lu Feng, Lo Meng  1st app. of 
     Yu Tai-Ping and Yang Hsuing (aka "Brass Head").
(THE) NEW ONE-ARMED SWORDSMAN (1971)-- David Chiang, Ti Lung, Ku Feng, Chen
     Sing, Li Ching, Cheng Lei, Cheng Kang Yeh, Wang Chung (aka TRIPLE IRONS)
NEW SHAOLIN BOXERS (9/03/76)-- Fu Sheng, "Jenny," Wang Lung Wei, Leung Kar Yan. 
     Lu Feng, Chiang Sheng and Wang Li appear as thugs, and Kuo Chui appears as 
     Fu Sheng's classmate (US: DEMON FISTS OF KUNG-FU; aka GRANDMASTER OF DEATH
     aka GRANDMASTER OF KUNG FU)
THE NINE DEMONS (1983)-- Chien Tien-chi, Lu Feng, Chiang Sheng, Wang Li 
     [The Encyclopedia of Martial Arts Movies lists Sun Chien as playing The 
     Black Prince, but that is erroneous] (aka THE DEMONS)
NINJA IN ANCIENT CHINA~ (1993)-- Tung Chi Hwa, Tu Yu Ming (aka SHEN TONG, 
     aka THE MAGIC KID)
o NORTH SHAOLIN VS. SOUTH SHAOLIN: see INVINCIBLE SHAOLIN (1978)
ODE TO GALLANTRY (12/16/82)-- Kuo Chui in 2 roles, Sun Chien, Wang Li, Chiang 
     Sheng, Chu Ko and Cheng Tien-chi.  Wen Hsueh-Erh's second contract film 
     for Chang Cheh.  Lensed in 1980, shelved, then completed in 1982 with the 
     participation of newcomers Cheng Tien-Chi and Chu Ko.
ONE-ARMED SWORDSMAN (1967) [Dir, Writer]-- Wang Yu, Lo Lieh, Chang Yi, Chang
     Chiao, Pan Yan-tze, Huang Chung-shun, Liu Chia Liang [aka Lau Kar Leung]
ONE-ARMED SWORDSMAN RETURNS (1969) [Dir, Writer]-- Wang Yu, Lina Chiao, Tien
     Feng, Cheng Lei, Ti Lung, Ku Feng, Liu Chia Liang [aka Lau Kar Leung]
THE PIRATE (1973) [Dir w/ Pao Hsueh-li and Wu Ma]-- Ti Lung, David Chiang,
     Yu Feng, Tien Ching, Fan mei San, Tang Yet Tsan, Lu Ti, Shih Tien
POLICE FORCE (1973) [Dir w/ Cai Yang-ming]-- Fu Sheng in his first lead role,
     Wang Chun, Li Li-li
REBEL INTRUDERS* (9/11/80)-- Kuo Chui, Lo Meng, Chiang Sheng, Sun Chien, Lu 
     Feng, Wang Li.  First appearance of Chien Hsiao-Hao.  Linda Chu's first 
     contract film for Chang Cheh.  Last Yang Hsiung ("Brass Head") film for 
     Chang Cheh.  (US: KILLER ARMY, worldwide: THE GUERILLAS) 
RETURN OF THE ONE-ARMED SWORDSMAN (1968)-- Wang Yu, Liu Chia-liang  Intro: Ti
     Lung and Chen Sing
o RETURN OF THE 5 DEADLY VENOMS: 1998 retitling of CRIPPLED AVENGERS (1978)
o RUTHLESS IRON HAND: see INVINCIBLE IRON FIST (1970)
THE SAVAGE FIVE (1974)-- David Chiang, Ti Lung, Chen Kuan-tai, Li Hsiu Hsien,
     Danny Lee Sau-Yin, Wang Chung
o SEVEN BLOWS OF THE DRAGON: American title for THE WATER MARGIN (1971)
o SEVEN BROTHERS MEET DRACULA: US vers of DRACULA AND THE 7 GOLDEN VAMPIRES (1974)
THE 7 DAREDEVILS (1975) [according to INFLUENCE MAGAZINE #13, p. 37]
o SEVEN KUNG FU ASSASSINS: see SEVEN SOLDIERS OF KUNG FU (1974)
SEVEN MAN ARMY (4/16/76)-- Fu Sheng, Ti Lung, Chen Kuan-tai, David Chiang,
     Chi Kuan-chun, Li Yi-min, Liu Chia Hui [aka Lau Kar Fai, aka Gordon Liu]
     Cameo by Lu Feng as Ti Lung's beheaded commander, Kuo Chui appears in 
     Japanese make-up against Chi Kuan-Chun, Wang Li as Chen Kuan-Tai's rescuer
SEVEN SOLDIERS OF KUNG FU (1973) [Dir w/ Wu Ma] -- David Chiang, Yang Sze,
     Chen Kuan-tai, Ti Lung, Wang Chun, Ku Feng, Tetsuro Tamba (aka ALL MEN ARE
     BROTHERS II, aka SEVEN BLOWS OF THE DRAGON II, aka SEVEN KUNG FU ASSASSINS)
SHANGHAI 13 (1984)-- Wang Yu, Chen Kuan-ti, Chiang Sheng, Li Hsiu Hsien,
     David Chiang, Chi Kuan-chun, Chen Sing, Ti Lung, Wang Chung, Lu Feng,
     Chien Tien-chi, Leung Kar Yan [aka Liang Cha-jen]
o SHANGHAI 1937 (1987): see GREAT SHANGHAI 1937
o SHAOLIN AGAINST WU-TANG: worldwide title for TWO CHAMPIONS OF SHAOLIN (1980)
o SHAOLIN ARCHERS: worldwide title for BRAVE ARCHER (1977)
o SHAOLIN ARCHERS PART 2: see BRAVE ARCHER, PART II (1978)
SHAOLIN AVENGERS (6/18/76) [Dir w/ Wu Ma]-- Fu Sheng, Chi Kuan-chun, Tang 
     Yen-tsan, Lu Feng, Chiang Sheng, Kuo Chui (aka THE INVINCIBLE KUNG-FU 
     BROTHERS)
o SHAOLIN BLOODSHED: worldwide title for INVINCIBLE SHAOLIN (1978)
SHAOLIN BOXER (1976)-- Fu Sheng
o SHAOLIN DAREDEVILS: see THE DAREDEVILS (1979)
o SHAOLIN DEADLY POISONS: worldwide title for THE FIVE VENOMS (1978)
o SHAOLIN HELLGATE: see HEAVEN AND HELL (1977, released in HK in 1980)
SHAOLIN MARTIAL ARTS (1974)-- Fu Sheng, Chi Kuan Chun, Chen I-lung, Simon Yuen,
     Chiang Tao, Feng Ko-an, Li Yun-chung, Yuen Man-tzu, Chiang Nan, Chen
     Tien-lung, Lu Ti, Leung Kar Yan; Guest: Liu Chia-yung; Intro: Liu Chia-hui
     [aka Lau Kar Fai, aka Gordon Liu], Tang Yen-tsan [aka Billy Tang],
     Li Chen-piao, Wang Lung-wei, Liang Cha-jen [aka Leung Kar Yan]
o SHAOLIN MASTERS: see THE HEROIC ONES (1974)
SHAOLIN RESCUERS* (3/24/79)-- Lo Meng, Kuo Chui, Lu Feng, Jason Pai Piao, Sun 
     Chien, Chiang Sheng, Ku Kuan-chung.  Wang Li's first co-starring role; 
     receives introduction billing in credits (aka AVENGING WARRIORS OF SHAOLIN)
SHAOLIN TEMPLE (12/22/76) [Dir, Writer]-- Fu Sheng, David Chiang, Ti Lung, Chi 
     Kuan Chun, Kuo Chui, Chiang Sheng, Lu Feng; 1st app.  Lo Mang as a slain 
     monk.  Debut: Ku Feng (aka DEATH CHAMBER) 
@The Shaolin Temple Series: HEROES TWO (aka KUNG FU INVADERS; 1973), SHAOLIN 
     MARTIAL ARTS (1974), MEN FROM THE MONASTERY (aka DISCIPLES OF DEATH; 1974), 
     and FIVE SHAOLIN MASTERS (aka FIVE MASTERS OF DEATH; 1975)
o SHEN TONG: NINJA IN ANCIENT CHINA (1993)
THE SINGING KILLER (1970)-- Ti Lung, David Chiang, Tina Chin Fei, Wang Ping, 
     Ku Feng
THE SINGING THIEF (1969)-- David Chiang, Ti Lung
SLAUGHTER IN XIAN~ (1989)-- Tung Chi Hwa, Hsu Shao Jien, Tu Yu Ming, Chow Lung
     (aka XIAN MASSACRE, aka SLAUGHTER IN XI'AN)
o SLAUGHTER IN XI'AN: see SLAUGHTER IN XIAN (1989)
o THE SPEARMAN OF DEATH: American title for THE FLAG OF IRON (1980)
o SPIRITUAL FISTS: see BOXER REBELLION (1976)
o STORM CLOUD OVER ALISHAN: see WIND AND STORM OVER ALISHAN (1950)
o THE STORY OF NG FUNG: see WIND AND STORM OVER ALISHAN (1950)
STREET GANGS OF HONG KONG (1973) [Dir w/ Kuei Chih Hung]-- Wang Yu, Ku Feng,
     Li Li-li, Pei Ti, Tung Lin, Shih Tien, Lu Ti (aka THE DELINQUENT)
o STRIKE 4 REVENGE: see THE FOUR RIDERS (1972)
o STRIKE 4 VENGEANCE: see THE FOUR RIDERS (1972)
o SUPER NINJAS: American title for FIVE ELEMENT NINJA (1982)
SWORD OF SWORDS (1968)-- Wang Yu, Li Ching, Tien Fong
SWORD STAINED WITH ROYAL BLOOD (3/6/81)-- Kuo Chui, Lu Feng, Chiang Sheng, Ching
     Li, Shan Shen, Lung Tien Sheng, Wang Li.  First appearance of Chao Kuo and 
     Chu Ko.  Wen Hsueh-Erh's third contract film for Chang Cheh.
o TEMPLE OF THE DRAGON: see HEROES TWO (1973)
TEN TIGERS OF KUANGTUNG* (12/20/80) [Dir w/ Chiang Sheng and Chen Yu-wen]-- Ti
     Lung, Fu Sheng, Wang Lung-wei, Ku Feng, Chiang Sheng, Lu Feng, Lo Meng, 
     Kuo Chui, Sun Chien, Lung Tien Sheng, Hsiao Ho, Wei Pai, Wang Li.  Begun 
     in 1978, then shelved.  Framing sequences completed with the participation 
     of Chien Hsiao-Hao and Lung Tien-Sheng, then released December 1980.
o THIRTEEN FIGHTERS: see HEROIC ONES (1974)
o THREE HEROES OF BORDER CASTLE: see MAGNIFICENT TRIO (1966)
TIGER BOY (1964)-- Wang Yu (in his first leading role), Lo Lieh, Cheng Lei
o TRAGIC HEROES: see JUST HEROES (1987)
TRAIL OF THE BROKEN BLADE (1967)-- Wang Yu, Lo Lieh, Chin Ping, Chiao Chuang,
     Tien Fong
TRILOGY OF SWORDSMANSHIP (1972)-- Ti Lung, David Chiang, Li Ching, Ku Feng,
     Wang Chung, Chen Sing, Lo Lieh (aka WHITE WATER STRAND) three separate 
     stories.  The Chang Cheh segment was called "White Water Strand."
o TRIPLE IRONS: see THE NEW ONE-ARMED SWORDSMAN (1971)
TWELVE GOLD MEDALLIONS (1970)
o TWO CHAMPIONS OF DEATH: American title for TWO CHAMPIONS OF SHAOLIN (1980)
TWO CHAMPIONS OF SHAOLIN (4/12/80)-- Lo Meng, Chiang Sheng, Sun Chien, Yang 
     Tsing-tsing, Lu Feng, Wang Li, Wen Hsueh Erh  Intro: Chien Hsiao-hao.
     Lo Mang's exclusive contract with Chang Cheh expires and signs on with Shaw 
     Brothers as a contract player.  He begins working with various directors at 
     the Shaw Studio and appears in films such as LION VS LION, CLAN FEUDS, 
     HUMAN LANTERNS, HEX AFTER HEX, FAST FINGERS, CRAZY SHAOLIN DISCIPLES and 
     PURSUIT OF A KILLER.  Lo Mang would return one more time for FIVE ELEMENT 
     NINJAS in 1982.  Sun Chien's exclusive contract with Chang also expires and 
     he signs on with Shaws as a contract player appearing in films such as 
     HUMAN LANTERNS, SPIRIT OF THE SWORD, and THE LADY IS THE BOSS.  Sun Chien 
     would return for HOUSE OF TRAPS and ODE TO GALLANTRY.  Chien Hsiao-Hao 
     makes his debut as one of Chang Cheh's godsons and receives introduction 
     billing in credits.  Wen Hsueh-Erh's first contract film for Chang Cheh.  
     (US: TWO CHAMPIONS OF DEATH, worldwide: SHAOLIN AGAINST WU-TANG)
o THE UNBEATABLE DRAGON: American title for INVINCIBLE SHAOLIN (1978)
o VENGEANCE: see KUNG FU VENGEANCE (1970)
o VENOM WARRIOR: American DVD title for THE WARRIOR (1985)
o VENOM WARRIORS: see THE DAREDEVILS (1979)
THE WANDERING SWORDSMAN (1969)-- Ti Lung, David Chiang (in his first leading
     role), Li Li-li (in her first starring role), Wang Chung, Chen Sing
THE WARRIOR (1985)-- Cheng Tien-chi, Denis Brown, Jimmy Wong, Chen Kuan-ti
     (cameo) (aka THE DANCING WARRIOR, aka DANCING KING, aka DANCE HALL KING, 
     aka VENOM WARRIOR)
o WARRIOR OF STEEL: see THE IRON MAN (1972)
THE WATER MARGIN (1972) [Co-directors: Pao Hsueh-li and Wu Ma]-- David Chiang,
     Tetsuro Tamba, Toshiro Kurosawa, Ti Lung, Wang Chung, Ku Feng, Chen Kuan-
     tai, Wu Ma (US: SEVEN BLOWS OF THE DRAGON; aka OUTLAWS OF THE MARSH)
THE WEIRD MAN (5/5/83)-- Ching Tin-Chi [aka Cheng Tien Chi, aka Chien Tien-chi], 
     Wong Man-Yi, Yu Tai Ping, Lau Yuk-Pok, Chu Ko.  Debut: Chiu Kwok [not a 
     variant spelling of Kuo Chui!] as the title character Hsiao Ba Wang.
o WHITE WATER STRAND: see TRILOGY OF SWORDSMANSHIP (1972)
WILD FIRE / Ye Huo (1957) [co-directed with Helen Li Mei according to Chang Cheh:
     A Memoir (co-directed with Yuen Chau-Fung according to the HKMDb)]-- Helen 
     Li Mei, Gao Yuan, Xie Zhi, Yang Chun (aka Peter K. Yang), Jin Peijuan, 
     Li Ying, Li Yunzhong and Chen Hao.  cf HIS CRUEL HEART (1956).
WIND AND STORM OVER ALISHAN / Alishan Fengyun (1949) [Dir w/ Chang Ying; Made in 
     Taiwan]-- Wu Jinghong, Lan Tianhong, Li Ying, Cui Bing, Zhang Qianqian, 
     Zhong You, Fang Mian and, Qiao Jikan (aka Roy Chiao).  (aka STORM CLOUD OVER 
     ALISHAN, aka HAPPENINGS IN ALI SHAN [according to the HKMDb], aka INCIDENT 
     AT AH LI SHAN and THE STORY OF NG FUNG [according to Wong Yan in Influence 
     Magazine])
o XIAN MASSACRE: see SLAUGHTER IN XIAN (1989)
YOUNG PEOPLE (1972)-- Ti Lung, David Chiang, Irene Chen, Chen Kuan-ti, Yang Sze
     (UK: THE YOUNGSTERS)
o THE YOUNGSTERS: British title for YOUNG PEOPLE (1972)
THE YOUNG WARRIOR (1982)-- Cheng Tien-chi

-----

     The filmography above draws on data from the now-defunct "Made In Hong Kong"
web site at http://www.hardnet.co.uk/madeinhongkong/, from the Hong Kong Movie 
Database, the indispensable IMDb (Internet Movie Database), from Venoms Fan 
Extraordinaire Belinda Hutchings, Tom Fardy of the MySpace page Venoms Grindhouse 
<myspace.com/venomchambertom>, and the following two magazines and seven books:
 
Cheh, Chang.  Chang Cheh: A Memoir.  Sai Wan Ho, Hong Kong: Hong Kong
     Film Archive, January 2004.  ISBN: 962-8050-26-5
Eastern Heroes [magazine] Special Edition no. 2 (1994): 22.
The Essential Guide to: Hong Kong Movies: Volume One.  Edited by Lisa
     Tilston from materials compiled by Rick Baker and Toby Russell.
     London: Eastern Heroes Publications, 1994.  ISBN: 1-899252-00-2
     (note that there never was a Volume Two published)
The Essential Guide to: The Best of Eastern Heroes.  Edited by Lisa
     Tilston from materials compiled by Rick Baker and Toby Russell.
     London: Eastern Heroes Publications, 1995.  ISBN: 1-899252-01-1
Hammond, Stefan, and Mike Wilkins.  Sex and Zen & a Bullet in the Head.
     New York: Fireside Books [Simon & Schuster], 1996.
     PN1993.5.H6 H26 1996
Influence Magazine (Taipei, Taiwan) no. 13 (April 1976): 36-37.
Meyers, Richard, Amy Harlib, Bill and Karen Palmer.  From Bruce Lee to
     the Ninjas: Martial Arts Movies.  Secaucus, NJ: Citadel Press, 1991
     (1985).  PN1995.9.H3 M37 1991  ISBN 0806510099
Palmer, Bill, Karen Palmer, and Ric Meyers.  The Encyclopedia of Martial
     Arts Movies.  Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press, 1995.
     PN1995.9.H3 P36 1995  ISBN 0810830272
Teo, Stephen.  Hong Kong Cinema: The Extra Dimensions.  London: BFI
     (British Film Institute), 1997.  ISBN 0851704964 hardcover,
     ISBN 0851705146 softcover.  See "Zhang Che," pages 291-292. 
Weisser, Thomas.  Asian Cult Cinema.  New York: Boulevard Books, 1997.
     PN1993.5.A75 W45 1997
 
----------------------------------cut here------------------------------------
 
        FILMS CHANG CHEH WROTE BUT DID NOT DIRECT, Vers. 4 (9/21/16):

KEY:
green text indicates information added by Steven Feldman from various sources
purple text indicates information from the book Hong Kong Cinema by Stephen Teo
blue text indicates info taken from "Chang Cheh's Directorial Journey" by Wong Yan
brown text indicates info taken from biographical notes on Chang Cheh by Yu Mo-wan
a red * [asterisk] preceding an entry indicates a film not released to VCD nor to DVD
a fuchsia ¢ [cent sign] means released to Hoker DVD but not subtitled in English

AVAILABILITY NOTE: 
     All MP&GI and Cathay releases on Panorama VCD are subtitled in English, and all 
MP&GI and Cathay releases on Panorama DVD are region-free and subtitled in English.

     This list is very interesting given Chang Cheh's oft-noted disdain for films 
with female leads.

English Name / Mandarin Name (Year) [Studio]-- 

IN SHANGHAI:
* Girl Behind a Mask / Jia Mian Nülang (1947) [Guotai]-- directed by Fang Peilin
     (aka Fong Pui Lum), starring Gu Lanjun, Yan Hua, Zhou Qi and Jiang Ming.
     aka The Woman With the False Face / Jiamian Nulang, says Stephen Teo
* Romance in a Deserted Manor / Huang Yuan Yan Ji (1949) [Guotai]-- directed by 
     Yang Xiaozhong, starring Lan Tianhong, Wu Jinghong, Yang Zhiqing, Chen Yunhua, 
     Yang Hua, Zhang Wan, Xu Ken and Gao Yang.
     aka Love in the Wild / Huangyuan Yanji, says Stephen Teo
IN TAIWAN:
* Never to Part / Yong Bu Fenli (1951) [Nongjiao]-- directed by Xu Xinfu, starring 
     Wu Jinghong, Wang Jue, Tien Chen, Li Ying, Zhang Hui, Tan Wen, Huang Man and 
     Li Guanzhang.
     aka "We Will Never be Apart" It was made by the previous <19> incarnation of 
     the Chinese movie studio, the Lung Kow movie company.  [directed by Tsui Yun 
     Fu], says Wong Yan.
     aka Never Separated, according to the HKMDb (Hong Kong Movie Database)
* His Cruel Heart / Long Xin Lang Zin (1956) [Zhongxing]-- directed by Xu Xinfu,
     starring Helen Li Mei, Mu Hong, Chen Manfu, Li Ying and Lui Ming.
     aka A Night in Sun Moon Lake / Riyuetan Zhi Ye, according to Chang Cheh
     Tsui Yun Fu recommended Chang Cheh to write the script.  Originally titled 
     "Love at the Sun and Moon Lake," the name was changed to "The Heart of a lover, 
     the Heart of a Wolf." says Wong Yan.  cf Wild Fire (1957).
     aka The Cruel Heart of My Man, says Yu Mo-wan
IN HONG KONG:
* Tragic Melody / Taohua Lei (1960) [Qiaoguang, then Jincheng; distrib. by MP&GI]-- 
     directed by Lo Wei, from a script by He Guan (a pseudonym Chang Cheh used 
     mostly for film reviewing), starring Lucilla You Min, Lo Wei, Kelly Lai Chen 
     (brother of Betty Lo Ti), Ouyang Shafei, Chen Youxin, Li Kun, Mi Renqing and 
     Chiang Kuang-chao.  The presence of Lucilla You Min, Kelly Lai Chen and Ouyang 
     Shafei is interesting because they were then well-associated with MP&GI.
SWANK MOTION PICTURE COMPANY [distributed by Shaw Brothers]:
* The Tender Trap of Espionage / Zhifen Jiandie Wang (1960) [Siwei]-- directed by 
     Lo Wei, starring Lo Wei, Liu Lianghua, Jin Shi, Li Guanzhang, Li Ying and 
     Wen Ling.
* Black Butterfly / Hei Hudei (1960) [Siwei]-- directed by Lo Wei, starring Liu 
     Lianghua, Lo Wei, Jin Shi, Li Kun, Zhong Yu and Luo Ping.  Filmed on location 
     in Taiwan.
MP&GI (MOTION PICTURE & GENERAL INVESTMENT CO. LTD.) [CATHAY]:
Death Traps / Sha Ji Chongchong/Weiji Chongchong (1960) [MP&GI]-- directed by Wang 
     Tianlin (aka Wong Tin-lam), starring Helen Li Mei, Roy Chiao, Ouyang Shafei, 
     Tian Qing (aka Tin Ching), Wu Liaxiang, Tang Di, Ma Xiaonong and Shen Zhong.  
     Screenplay by Wen An.  The book Chang Cheh: A Memoir mentions an unnamed 
     review of Death Traps in which Chang Cheh claims to have written the script.  
     The Hong Kong Film Archive says that Chang Cheh's only contribution to the
     film was script doctoring.  The following is from the HKFA's webpage:
          "Screenwriter Chang Cheh, 'The subject matter is only good for a short 
     film which should end with the character getting caught by his own law.  A 
     short film's strength becomes a feature-length film's weakness -- the clever 
     gist becomes the biggest flaw.  I undertook four revisions to patch up the flaw, 
     to rally sympathy for the main characters, even writing alcoholism into the 
     female protagonist... I couldn't find fault with my revisions until I watched 
     it in the cinema.  It struck me that the script too vaguely attributed her 
     alcoholism to old habits and failed to address the deeper, psychological issues
     -- it was too late to make amends.'  (1960/12/14, 'New Life Evening Post').
          "Chang Cheh discussed in his 'He Guan's Film Talk' column that the script 
     of 'Death Traps' went through several revisions before he began rewriting the 
     screenplay; the original story was loosely based on an American detective story. 
     (1960/12/14, 'New Life Evening Post')."  Released on Panorama VCD and DVD
     individually, and as part of the boxset The Films of Wong Tin Lam.
* Song Without Words / Wu Yu Wen Cangtian (1961) [MP&GI]-- directed by Lo Wei, 
     starring Lucilla You Min, Kelly Lai Chen (brother of Betty Lo Ti), Lo Wei, 
     Hong Yang, Wang Lai, Wu Jiaxiang, Tien Feng and Ma Xiaonong.
* The Girl With the Golden Arm / Zei Meiren (1961) [MP&GI]-- directed by Tang Huang,
     starring Julie Yeh Feng, Roy Chiao, Lo Wei, Mei Ling, Wang Li and Tian Qing.
* You Were Meant for Me / Youxi Renjian (1961) [MP&GI]-- directed by Wang Tianlin 
     (aka Wong Tin-lam), starring Kitty Ting Hao, Christine Pai Lu-ming, Kelly Lai 
     Chen, Roy Chiao, Lin Jing, He Bin, Semon Liu and Wang Lin.
It's Always Spring /Taoli Zheng Chun (1962) [MP&GI]-- directed by Evan Yang, from a
     script by Chang Cheh and Evan Yang, starring Helen Li Mei, Julie Yeh Feng, 
     Kelly Lai Chen (brother of Betty Lo Ti), Roy Chiao, Zhang Huixian, Hong Yang, 
     Tian Qing (aka Tin Ching) and Liu Enjia.  Released on Panorama VCD and DVD.
* Come Rain Come Shine / Yehua Lian (1962) [MP&GI]-- directed by Tang Huang, starring
     Julie Yeh Feng, Chang Yang (aka Zhang Yang), Dolly Soo Fong (aka Dolly So Fung), 
     Wang Lai, Mai Ling, Shen Yun, Semon Liu, Roy Chiao and Gan Ping.
¢ Her Pearly Tears / Zhenzhu Lei (1962) [MP&GI]-- directed by Wang Tianlin (aka 
     Wong Tin-lam), starring Lucilla You Min, Kelly Lai Chen, Wang Lai, He Bin, 
     Ma Xiaonong, Lei Da and Zhu Shaoquan.  Released on Hoker Records DVD (Taiwan), 
     but not subtitled in English.
SHAW BROTHERS:
The Amorous Lotus Pan / Pan Jinlian (Taiwan title: Wu Song) (1963)-- directed by
     Chow Sze-luk, starring Diana Chang Chung-wen, Paul Chang Chung, Bai Yun, 
     Hong Wei, Li Qun, Ching Miao and Wong Kam.  [a Huangmei (aka Yellow Plum) Opera] 
     Released on IVL/Celestial discs and on Zoke Culture all-region DVD.
The Female Prince / Shuang Feng Qi Yuan (1964)-- directed by Chow Sze-luk, starring
     Ivy Ling Bo, Fang Ying, Chin Feng, Chin Han, Li Ching, Ching Miao, Chiang 
     Kuang-chao and Kao Pao-shu.  [a Huangmei (aka Yellow Plum) Opera]  IVL-Released.
The Warlord and the Actress / Xue Jian Mudan Hong (1964)-- directed by Ho Meng-hua,
     starring Julie Yeh Feng, Lan Di, Chin Han, Ching Miao, Tien Feng, Li Ying, 
     Ho Fan and Ouyang Shafei.  IVL-Released.
The Mermaid / Yu Meiren (1965)-- directed by Kao Li (aka Gao Lap), starring Ivy Ling 
     Bo, Li Ching, Ching Miao, Chiang Kuang-chao, Ouyang Shafei, Yang Zhiqing, Tang Di 
     and Feng Yi.  [a Huangmei Opera]  IVL-Released.  A classic, very enjoyable film.
Crocodile River / Eyu He (1965)-- directed by Lo Wei, starring Li Ting, Paul Chang
     Chung, Lo Wei, Liu Lianghua, A Kong and Meng Jin.  On IVL VCD only; no IVL DVD.
Inside (the) Forbidden City / Song Gong Mi Shi (1965)-- directed by Kao Li (aka Gao 
     Lap), from a script by Kao Li and Chang Cheh, starring Ivy Ling Bo, Chin Feng,
     Ouyang Shafei, Kao Pao-shu, Ching Miao, Ken Wen-chung, Chen Youxin and Li Ching.
     [a Huangmei (aka Yellow Plum) Opera]  IVL-Released.
* Call of the Sea / Nu Hai Qing Chou (1965)-- directed by Lo Wei, starring Kang Wei, 
     Li Lihua, Elsie Tu, Lo Wei, Chang Pei-shan, Ouyang Shafei, Chiang Kuang-chao
     and He Bin.
The Knight of Knights / Wen Suchen (1966)-- directed by Xue Qun, starring Chiao 
     Chuang, Lily Ho, Li Ching, Liu Lianghua, Li Ying, Lily Li, Kuk Fung (aka Ku 
     Feng) and Lui Ming.  IVL-Released.
The Perfumed Arrow / Nü Xiucai (1966)-- directed by Kao Li (aka Gao Lap), starring 
     Ivy Ling Bo, Chin Feng, Ho Fan, Tina Chin Fei, Yang Zhiqing, Ku Wen-chung, 
     Wang Wei-fang and Yeh Ching.  [a Huangmei Opera]  IVL-Released.

    The filmography above primarily draws on data from the book Chang Cheh:
A Memoir, but also from the book Hong Kong Cinema: The Extra Dimensions, by 
Stephen Teo, from the Hong Kong Movie Database, and from various VCD and DVD 
listings from online merchants selling discs from Shaw Brothers/Celestial/IVL 
and MP&GI (Motion Picture & General Investment Co. Ltd.)/Cathay/Panorama.

Bibliographical Entries:

Mo-wan, Yu, and Yung Ling-Man, researchers and eds.  [biographical notes on] 
     "Chang Cheh," from pages 167-168 of: A Study of the Hong Kong Martial Arts 
     Film: The 4th Hong Kong International Film Festival: April 3-18, 1980, 
     City Hall.  Hong Kong: The Council, 1980.  PN1993.4.H66 Orien China and 
     PN1993.5.H6 H65 1980
Cheh, Chang.  Chang Cheh: A Memoir.  Sai Wan Ho, Hong Kong: Hong Kong
     Film Archive, January 2004.  ISBN: 962-8050-26-5
"Chang Cheh's Directorial Journey," by Wong Yan, from pages 17-20 of: 
     Influence Magazine (Taipei, Taiwan) No. 13 (April 1976).
Teo, Stephen.  Hong Kong Cinema: The Extra Dimensions.  London: BFI
     (British Film Institute), 1997.  ISBN 0851704964 hardcover, 
     ISBN 0851705146, softcover.  See "Zhang Che," pages 291-292.

-----

    CHANG CHEH AS PLANNING PRODUCER AND PARTIAL WRITER, Vers. 1 (9/16/10):

Temple of the Red Lotus / Jianghu Qi Xia (1965)-- Directed by Hsu Tseng-hung (aka 
     Tsu Tsan Hong), starring Jimmy Wang Yu, Chin Ping, Ivy Ling Bo, Tien Feng, 
     Lo Lieh, Liu Lianghua, Fung Bo-bo and Lin Jing.  An early Shaw Brothers 
     swordswoman film; choreographed by Liu Chia Liang.
Twin Swords / Yuanyang Jian Xia (1965)-- Directed by Hsu Tseng-hung, starring 
     Jimmy Wang Yu, Chin Ping, Ching Miao, Ivy Ling Bo, Tien Feng, Lo Lieh, Liu
     Lianghua and Fung Bo-bo.  The first sequel to Temple of the Red Lotus.

The following quotes are from "Chang Cheh's Directorial Journey," by Wong Yan:

One of the two major movie companies in Hong Kong, the International 
film company, was reorganized as the Deen Mou company 
[. . .]
"Speechless to Ask God." The script was very moving, so good 
fortune finally shined on Chang Cheh.  After it was made into 
a movie starring Yau Mum, [. . .]

In the 51st year of the Republic of China [1962], even though 
Chang Cheh was working for the Shaw studios script department, 
his career path was still bumpy.  He wrote two different scripts 
at that time.  One is the "Yellow Blossom Tune" musical "Adventure 
of the Two Phoenixes," directed by Chow See Yuen. 
[. . .]
Even though the results of Chang Cheh's directorial efforts were 
lacking, Run Run Shaw still considered him talented in script writing, 
so he arranged for him to work with Tsui Chung Wung, having Chang 
Cheh plan the movie and rewrite the scripts, while Tsui Chung Wung 
directed.  Tsui Chung Wung used his background as a photographer to 
make up for Chang Cheh's weakness in cinematography, and using the 
old Kung Fu movies as a blueprint, they made "Gong Wu Kay Hup"/"Strange 
Hero of the Martial World," "Yin Yeung Gim Hup"/"The Swordfighting 
Couple," "Yuk Meen Fei Wu"/"Jade-Faced Flying Fox," "Sun Gim Jun Gong 
Wu"/"Mighty Sword that Shocked the Martial world," 
"Kum Gim Yun Sou"/"Gratitute and Revenge, Lute and Sword," etc. -- 
which were all box office successes -- together, but Tsui Chung Wung 
became a famous director while Chang Cheh languished in obscurity 
behind the screen.  In the 53rd year of the Republic of China [1964], 
Chang Cheh ended his partnership with Tsui Chung Wung with his, 
"Tiger Boy," for which he both wrote the script and directed.


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This page first created 10/6/98. Copyright © Steven Feldman, 2001, 2008, 2010, 2012 & 2016. Last update: 9/21/16.